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Parshat Shoftim                                                              September 3, 2022  7 Elul, 5782
                     TORAH                                Rabbi Sacks on Shoftim
                ARTSCROLL 1024
                   HERTZ  820           If you seek to understand  tzedakah – the word usually  humiliates, shames.
                                        Judaism’s social vision,   translated as “charity” but   Tzedakah, ruled the
                                                                 which also means
                                        look at its anti-poverty
                                                                                             rabbis, must be given in
                   HAFTORAH             legislation:             “distributive justice, equity”.  such a way as to
               ARTSCROLL  1199                                                               minimize these feelings:
                   HERTZ  835           “If there is a poor man   The rabbis interpreted the   When Rabbi Yannai saw
                                        among your brothers in   phrase “sufficient for his   a certain man giving a
                 Bar Mitzvah            any of the towns of the   needs” to mean the basic   coin to a poor person in
                 Gavi Lichter           land that the Lord your   requirements of existence:   front of everyone, he
                                        God is giving you, do not   food, clothing, shelter and   said: It would have been
                                        be hardhearted or tight-  so on. “That which he lacks”  better not to have given
                     Times              fisted toward your poor   was understood as referring  it to him than to have
                                        brother. Rather be open-
                                                                 to a person who was
                                                                                             given it and put him to
                                        handed and freely lend   previously wealthy but has   shame. Hagigah 5b
           Shabbat 9/3                   him sufficient for his needs  now become impoverished.

                                        in that which he lacks. Be   He too must be helped to   In a famous passage,
                                        careful not to harbour this  recover his dignity: It is   Maimonides describes
           Mincha                7:00pm   wicked thought: ‘The   related about Hillel the Elder  the eight levels of
                                        seventh year, the year for  that, for a certain poor man  charity: There are eight
           Candle lighting       7:07pm   cancelling debts, is near,’   who was of good family, he  degrees of charity, one
           Hashkama              8:00am   so that you do not show ill  bought a horse to ride on   higher than the other.
                                        will toward your needy   and a slave to run before
           Parsha Shiur          8:30am   brother and give him   him. When on one occasion  The highest degree,
                                        nothing. He may then     he could not find a slave to   exceeded by none, is
           Main                  9:00am   appeal to the Lord against  run before the man, he   that of one who assists a
                                         you, and you will be found  himself ran before him.   poor person by providing
           Youth                 9:00am   guilty of sin. Give    Ketubot 67b                 him with a gift or a loan
                                        generously to him and do                             or by accepting him into
           Beit Midrash          9:15am
                                        so without a grudging    The force of this passage   a business partnership
           Gemara Shiur          6:00pm   heart; then because of   lies in the fact that Hillel   or by helping him find
                                        this the Lord your God will  himself was notoriously   employment – in a word
           Mincha                  7:00pm   bless you in all your work   poor, yet he gave of his   by putting him in a
                                        and in everything you put  money and time to help a   situation where he can
           Shabbat Ends          8:13pm
                                        your hand to. There will   rich man who had lost his   dispense with other
                                         always be poor people in   money regain his self-   people’s aid. With
           Week of 9/4                  the land. Therefore I    respect. Its double aspect is  reference to such aid it
                                        command you to be open- evident throughout the laws  is said, ‘You shall
           Sunday            7:30/8:30am    handed toward your   of tzedakah.                strengthen him, be he a
           Mon. Thurs.       6:35/7:45am   brothers and toward the     On the one hand, they are   stranger or a settler, he
                                                                                             shall live with you’ (Lev.
                                        poor and needy in your
           Tues. Wed. Fri .   6:45/7:45am   land.” Deut 15:7-11   directed to the brute fact of  25:35), which means:
           Mincha                7:00pm                          poverty. No one must be     strengthen him in such a
                                        Ostensibly the passage is   deprived of basic physical   manner that his falling
                                        about the cancellation of   necessities.             into want is prevented.
                                        debts in the seventh year
                                        (shemittah, the year of                              A step below this is the
                   Latest Times for     “release”). The oral     On the other, they address   one who gives alms to
                                                                 with astonishing sensitivity
                Shema/Shemoneh Esrei
                                        tradition, however,      the psychology of poverty.   the needy in such a way
           September 3      9:38/10:43am   extended it to the laws of   It demeans, embarrasses,   that the giver does not
           September 10     9:41/10:44am
                                                   Kiddush is Sponsored by Great Neck Synagogue
                    Next Shabbat
                     Ki Teitzei                      In Honor of the Bar Mitzvah of Gavi Lichter
           Candle Lighting         6:55pm
                                                           In Honor of The Lichter Family’s
           Mincha                7:00pm
                                                       Many Years of Service to Our Community
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